On-Site Waste Water Program

North Carolina general statutes mandate that a person owning or controlling a residence, place of business, or place of public assembly provides an approved sanitary sewage system. The Commission for Health services has compiled rules and regulations addressing the placement, design, installation and maintenance of subsurface ground absorption sewage disposal systems. 

The Environmental Health section of the Rowan County Health Department acts as authorized agents for the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and ensures that these rules and regulations are enforced and the health of the public is protected.

Permits for Sewage Disposal System

Applications for lot evaluations for a subsurface sewage disposal permit can be made at Environmental Health on Monday to Friday from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. An application fee is required as well as a plat of the property. The Environmental Health Specialist will make a site evaluation based on the following factors: 

  • Available space 
  • Restrictive horizons 
  • Soil characteristics 
  • Soil depth 
  • Soil wetness 
  • Topography and landscape position 

Authorization to Construct Permit

Once the lot has been evaluated and approved an Authorization to Construct Permit for a subsurface sewage disposal system is issued. Once the septic system is installed another inspection is performed and if approved an Operations Permit is issued to the property owner.